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Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis: A Bacterial Infection

One of the most important parts about being a pet owner is to ensure your pet is happy and healthy. One of the causes of sickness in dogs and cats is Leptospirosis. If your pet is feeling sick, our veterinarians will do a thorough physical exam and determine what is wrong with your pet. 

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What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection of the liver, kidneys, central nervous system, eyes, and reproductive system. It's spread through the urine of animals that are infected, which can get into the ground or water. If a dog or cat comes in contact with infected water or an infected animal, they may start developing symptoms. If symptoms occur, you should contact your local veterinarian in Overland Park immediately.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of Leptospirosis are:

  • fever
  • vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • refusal to eat 
  • muscle pain
  • feeling weak
  • depression

The longer an animal is infected with the bacteria, the more severe the symptoms. In some severe cases, animals could develop kidney or liver damage and may also be unable to breed in the future. If at any time you believe your pet may show signs of these symptoms or worse, you should take them to your local animal hospital for diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment is pretty simple if caught early. It can be treated with antibiotics. The earlier it is treated, the quicker the recovery rate and fewer chance organs will be damaged. In more severe cases, dialysis and hydration therapy may be necessary. You must also keep in mind that humans can be infected by the Leptospirosis bacteria as well. If your pet has been infected, make sure to be cautious with pet’s urine or blood. Always wash your hands and wear gloves. Daily activities with your pet shouldn't put you at risk. However, if you begin to feel sick, contact your physician immediately.

Prevention

Whether your pet has been infected or not, you should make sure they are always up to date on their vaccines. There is a vaccine that fights Leptospirosis, though it is not 100% effective. Another preventative measure you can take to ensure your pet does not get infected is to keep any rodent problems under control. Rodents are a carrier and can spread the infection.

Visit Nall Hills Animal Hospital in Overland Park

If you believe your pet may have Leptospirosis or just want an annual check-up, schedule an appointment with Nall Hills Animal Hospital in Overland Park today. Our veterinarians want to make sure your pet is treated properly for whatever is ailing them and lives a long and healthy life.